Course Details

Subject {L-T-P / C} : CH4522 : Fundamentals of Separation Processes {3-0-0 / 3}
Subject Nature : Theory
Coordinator : Dr. Biswajit Saha


General Review: Mechanisms, separation factors and its dependence on process variables, classification and characterization, kinetics and mass transport, theory of cascades and its application in single stage operation for binary separations.

Separation by sorption techniques: Types and choice of adsorbents, reaction theory mechanism, design controlling factors in ion exchange chromatography equipment.

Membrane Separations: Types and choice of membranes, their merits, commercial, pilot plant polarization of membrane processes and laboratory membrane permeations, dialysis, reverse osmosis, ultra-titration, concentration and economics of membrane operations, design controlling factors.

Thermal Separation: Thermal diffusion, basic rate law, phenomenological theories of thermal diffusion for gas and liquid mixtures, equilibrium diagrams, controlling factors.

Other Techniques: Adductive crystallization, economics and commercial processes, foam separation, nature foams, controlling factors, superficial fluid extraction.

Course Objectives

  1. To learn conceptual design of separation processes and design of equipment involved

Course Outcomes

• Knowledge of various chemical engineering separation processes
• Ability to Select appropriate separation technique for intended problem
• Ability to analyze the separation system for multi-component mixtures
• Ability to design separation system for the effective solution of intended problem

Essential Reading

  1. J. D. Seader, and E.J. Henley, Separation process principles, John Wiley & Sons Inc , 1998
  2. Ruthern, M. Douglas, Encyclopedia of separation technology, Wiley-Interscience , 1997

Supplementary Reading

  1. J.S. Waston, Separation methods for waste and environment, Marcel Dekker , 2000
  2. S. Ahija, Handbook of Bioseparations, Academic Press , 2000