Course Details

Subject {L-T-P / C} : CH2122 : Fundamentals of Heat and Mass Transfer {3-0-0 / 3}
Subject Nature : Theory
Coordinator : Dr. Naresh Thota


Modes of heat transfer, Conduction, Convection, Radiation, Thermal conductivity, Specific heat capacity, One Dimensional heat conduction, Convective Heat Transfer, Forced Convective Heat Transfer, Heat Transfer by Natural Convection, Heat Transfer in Boiling and Condensation, Radiation Heat Transfer, Heat Exchangers, Evaporators.
Introduction to Mass transfer operation, Diffusion: Fick's law of diffusion, Steady state molecular diffusion in fluids under stagnant and laminar flow conditions, Diffusion through variable cross-sectional area, Diffusion coefficient: measurement and prediction, Measurement of liquid-phase diffusion coefficient, Multicomponent diffusion, Diffusivity in solids and its applications, Mass transfer coefficients: Introduction to mass transfer coefficient, Equimolar counter-diffusion , Correlation for convective mass transfer coefficient, Correlation of mass transfer coefficients for single cylinder, Theories of mass transfer, Penetration theory, Surface Renewal Theory, Boundary Layer Theory, Interphase mass transfer theory, Overall mass transfer coefficients, Absorption, Adsorption, Distillation, Humidification and air conditioning.

Course Objectives

  1. This course follows a unified approach to introduce the physical origins and rate equations of heat and mass transfer. The principal topics covered include identification of the driving forces for heat and mass diffusion, development of transport models from first principles, steady state and transient solutions, and convective transfer. The boundary layer analogies are introduced. Closed form analytical solutions and correlations derived from dimensional analysis are used to estimate the heat and mass transfer convection coefficients
  2. To be thorough with knowledge of various chemical engineering separation processes.
  3. Ability to Select appropriate separation technique for intended problem.
  4. Ability to analyze the separation system for multi-component mixtures. Ability to design separation system for the effective solution of intended problem.

Course Outcomes

1. Identification of mechanisms of heat and mass transfer.
2. Development of transport models based on the differential equations of heat and mass transfer and their simplified forms identification of suitable boundary conditions.
3. Solutions of the differential equations for steady-state, one-dimensional problems solutions for non-steady state problems.
4. Estimation of heat and mass transfer coefficients based on dimensional analysis, boundary layer analysis and similarity between momentum, heat and mass transfer.
5. Solution of problems involving convective heat and mass transfer in one phase and two phase systems.

Essential Reading

  1. Treybal, R.E, Mass-Transfer Operations, McGraw-Hill , 1981
  2. McCabe, W. L. and Smith, J. C, Unit Operations of Chemical Engineering, McGraw-Hill , 1976

Supplementary Reading

  1. Dutta,B.K, Principles of Mass transfer and Separation Processes, Prentice-Hall of India , 2007
  2. Ross Taylor and R. Krishna, Multicomponent Mass Transfer, John Wiley & Sons , 1993