Course Details

Subject {L-T-P / C} : CH2411 : Chemical Engineering Thermodynamics {3-0-0 / 3}
Subject Nature : Theory
Coordinator : Prof. Madhusree Kundu

Syllabus

Evaluation of PVT properties of fluids, Law of corresponding states, Residual volume, Compressibility factor, Equations of state, phase behaviour of pure fluids, ClausiousClepeyren equation. First law of thermodynamics and enthalpy, Second law: Entropy, Work function, Free energy, thermodynamic efficiency, Heat engine, Refrigeration, and Heat pump. Second law for open system: thermodynamic efficiency analysis of steady state devices like pumps, compressor, turbine, nozzles, and throttles. Introduction to third law, Phase rule: Theoretical and experimental aspects of phase rule and its use in study of multi-component system, Solution thermodynamics, Partial molar properties, Chemical potential, Fugacity. Solution non-ideality: excess properties, residual properties, activity coefficient (Gibbs energy based liquid models). Gibbs-Duhem equation, Chemical reaction equilibria, VLE and LLE calculations.

Course Objectives

  1. To enble the students to calculate and analyse the P-V-T behaviour of the gases using varioys equation of states and compressibility charts.
  2. To be able to calculate heat and work transfer associated with closed and open system, efficiency of steady state devices like pumps, compressors, turbines and so on. Second law limited efficiency of heat pump, heat engines, refrigerator, various cycle efficiency with respect to the Carnot Cycle efficiency.
  3. To provide ideas about Ideal and non-ideal solutions, partial molar property, residual property, excess property, fugacity, activity coefficient concepts. Various VLE calculations inclusing P-T flash, Bubble-P, Dew-p, Bubble –T , Dew-T, mass transfer enhanced by chemical reaction equilibria and LLE claculations

Course Outcomes

1. All the proficiency developed combined together can deliver an accomplished design engineer, who in a group can produce an engineering solution to a complex problem after a thorough scientific analysis of it.

2. This course imparts ability among graduates to synthesis data and technical concepts for application to chemical product and process design and in solving real life problems in the industry.

3. Better equipped to contribute in green and energy efficient process development

Essential Reading

  1. Richard E. Sonntag, Claus Borgnakke, Gordon J. Van Wylen, Fundamentals of thermodynamics, Wiley publication, 7th edition , 2009
  2. J. M. Smith & H.C.V Ness and M. M. Abbot, Introduction to Chemical Engineering Thermodynamics, McGraw and Hills Publication, 7th edition , 2005

Supplementary Reading

  1. Y. V. C. Rao, Chemical Engineering Thermodynamics, Universities Press , 1997
  2. Yunus Cengel and Michael Boles, Thermodynamics An Engineering Approach, JMcGraw and Hills Publication, 7th edition , 2011

Journal and Conferences

  1. Journal of Chemical and Engineering Data, ACS pulications
  2. Journal of Fluid Phase Equilibria, Elsevier Publications